Given a nonlinear mapping \(G:D\subseteq \mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n\) differentiable at a fixed point \(x^\ast\), the Ostrowski theorem offers the sharp sufficient condition \[\rho(G′(x^\ast))<1\] for \(x^\ast\) to be an attraction point, where \(\rho\) denotes the spectral radius. However, no estimate for the size of an attraction ball is known. We show in this note that such an estimate may be readily obtained in terms of \(\|G^\prime(x^\ast)\|<1\) (with \(\|\cdot \|\) an arbitrary given norm) and of the Hölder (in particular Lipschitz) continuity constant of \(G’\). An elementary example shows that this estimate may be sharp. Our assumptions do not necessarily require \(G\) to be of contractive type on the whole estimated ball.

## Abstract

## Authors

Emil Cătinaş

(Tiberiu Popoviciu Institute of Numerical Analysis, Romanian Academy)

## Keywords

fixed point; attraction points; attraction ball; local convergence; convergence order.

## References

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## About this paper

##### Cite this paper as:

E. Cătinaş, *Estimating the radius of an attraction ball*, Appl. Math. Lett., **22** (2009) no. 5, pp. 712-714.

##### Print ISSN

0893-9659