Persistent memory of diffusing particles


The variance of the advection-diffusion processes with variable coefficients is exactly decomposed as a sum of dispersion terms and memory terms consisting of correlations between velocity and initial positions. For random initial conditions, the memory terms quantify the departure of the preasymptotic variance from the time-linear diffusive behavior. For deterministic initial conditions, the memory terms account for the memory of the initial positions of the diffusing particles. Numerical simulations based on a global random walk algorithm show that the influence of the initial distribution of the cloud of particles is felt over hundreds of dimensionless times. In case of diffusion in random velocity fields with finite correlation range the particles forget the initial positions in the long-time limit and the variance is self-averaging, with clear tendency toward normal diffusion.



N. Suciu
Tiberiu Popoviciu Institute of Numerical Analysis, Romanian Academy

C. Vamoş
Tiberiu Popoviciu Institute of Numerical Analysis, Romanian Academy

F.A. Radu
Computational Hydrosystems, Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research–UFZ, Leipzig, Germany 4
Institute of Geosciences, University of Jena, Jena, Germany

H. Vereecken
Research Center Jülich, Agrosphere Institute ICG-IV, Jülich, Germany

P. Knabner
Chair for Applied Mathematics I, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany


Cite this paper as:

Suciu, N., C. Vamoş, F.A. Radu, H. Vereecken, P. Knabner, Persistent memory of diffusing particles, Phys. Rev. E , 80 (2009), 061134,
doi: 10.1103/physreve.80.061134


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Physical Review E

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